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Late-life depression in the older adults living in an institution and at home [Journal of Aging and Long-Term Care]
Journal of Aging and Long-Term Care. 2018; 1(1): 5-17 | DOI: 10.5505/jaltc.2017.09797  

Late-life depression in the older adults living in an institution and at home

Mithat Durak
Department of Psychology, Abant Izzet Baysal University, Turkey

Psychological well-being in older adults is an important issue in Geropsychology and there is increasing interest about the older adults living in the community and at home. Understanding markers of well-being associated with either living in an institution or at home would help to explore certain unique variables that make the older adults’ life difficult. Among older adults, depression decreases the quality of life and affect the individual’s lifespan significantly. However, there have been few studies investigating institution-specific or home-specific markers of depression which are the aims of the current study. The present study aims to make a comparison between 924 the older adults residing in institutions to 846 the older adults residing at home in terms of socio-demographic and health-related variables. Women living at home had higher depression scores than women in the institution. Conversely, men living in institutions were more depressed than living at home while married older adults at home have lower depression scores. Education and income are inversely associated with depression scores. As the number of illnesses increases so does the level of depression. Finally, there is a negative relationship with perceptions of prognosis and perceptions of threat regarding their medical conditions and depression. The interaction of gender, income and residence type is discussed in detail within a cultural context. Possible implications are suggested to improve the psychological well-being of older adults and the specific needs of different populations of older adults based on their residence type are addressed.

Keywords: Older adults, depression, residence type, gender, education, income, marital status, health-related variables, perceptions about illness

Mithat Durak. Late-life depression in the older adults living in an institution and at home. Journal of Aging and Long-Term Care. 2018; 1(1): 5-17

Corresponding Author: Mithat Durak, Türkiye

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