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Journal of Aging and Long-Term Care: 1 (3)
Volume: 1  Issue: 3 - 2018
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EDITORIAL
1.Reducing social isolation and improving the quality of life in older adults
Mithat Durak
doi: 10.5505/jaltc.2018.25744  Pages 99 - 100
Abstract | Full Text PDF

ORIGINAL RESEARCH
2.Building a cohesive partnership: Perspectives of staff caregivers on improving self-care independence among older adults living in long-term care facilities
Su hsien Chang, Ching-len Yu, Mei-chen Chen
doi: 10.5505/jaltc.2018.92486  Pages 101 - 107
This study was to understand how to establish a cohesive partnership aimed at improving self-care independence among older adults living in long-term care facilities. This was a qualitative research design. Results found that to build a partnership, staffs indicated three major elements are essential: (1) prior discussion, (2) building trust, and (3) reporting conditions of residents voluntarily. However, this study observed that family caregivers’ attitudes and health or characteristics of older adults were of influence frequently affected older adults to regain/maintain self-care independence. To decrease the negative impact, the staffs should have attitudes of compassion, empathy, and caring.

CARE FACILITY AND SERVICES
3.The effect of GeroAtlas60+ Refresher University in preserving individual and community health
Ismail Tufan, Sevnaz Sahin, Melis Oktug Zengin, Melike Tamer Kose, Martin Pallauf, Eva Schulc
doi: 10.5505/jaltc.2018.99608  Pages 109 - 113
GeroAtlas60 + Refresher University is Turkey’s first university for older adults based on theoretical assumptions and concepts. The University was founded as a response from the field of gerontology to support modern society’s expectation for longer and healthier lives. If the quality of life is defined as older adults’ feeling good about themselves in old age or until the end of their lives despite their physical, psychological, and social problems, one of the first questions that arise is how to provide this quality of life. GeroAtlas60 + Refresher University is a gerontological approach to this objective using a ‘lifelong learning’ model. The two-dimensional theoretical and practical curriculum provides older adults with knowledge related to their needs and also helps both genders to acquire new skills and competencies such as participation in cooking and knitting courses by males and study of home improvement and Do-it-Yourself (DIY) home repair and maintenance courses by females. Activating older adults’ knowledge and skills in the mental, physical, and social realms offers the potential for enhancing the quality of life outcomes.

ORIGINAL RESEARCH
4.The characteristics and life preferences of Turkish older adults
Mithat Durak, Emre Senol-Durak
doi: 10.5505/jaltc.2018.54154  Pages 115 - 129
The older adult population have been increasing around the World. The interaction of older adults with their physical and social environment is so important to promote age-friendly societies. In the present study, it is aimed to explore variables associated with satisfaction among older adults living at home and nursing home. Participants were composed of 1770 older adults living at home (N= 846) and nursing home (N=924). Results revealed that, regarding variables associated with home satisfaction, older adults having at least a hobby, participating in social activities, living with her/his spouse and living at a home belongs to her/himself or spouse had higher scores of satisfaction than their counterparts. Regarding variables associated with nursing home satisfaction, older adults referred to a nursing home by herself/himself, older adults having visitors (a family member or another person rather than a relative) at a nursing home, older adults visiting her/his family and older adults having at least a hobby had higher satisfaction scores than counterparts. Results were discussed with the literature and clinical implications.

5.Community centers of local governments for retirees: The case of Istanbul
Hamza Kurtkapan
doi: 10.5505/jaltc.2018.69885  Pages 131 - 136
The population of Turkey is aging. When local governments increase the quantity and quality of services for older people, the social welfare of older people increases as well. Among the special services for older people in the local administrations, community centers come first. This study examines the quality and diversity of services in community centers. In addition, the contribution of these centers to the activeness of older people living in the city is examined. In 2018, a cross-sectional survey was conducted in January and February, and a questionnaire was applied to 269 participants aged 55 years and older in the districts of Istanbul; Kadıköy, Maltepe, Üsküdar, Tuzla, Beşiktaş and Şişli. Research data were analyzed with the help of the SPSS 21 (2012) program. According to the results of the analysis, 42.7% of the participants were single individuals and15.1% of the participants were living alone at home. While 63.9% of the participants stated that they do sports, 70.3% of those who do sports said that this activity was “walking”. The most of the participants (44.2%) stated that they participated in the social activities of these centers. As the reason for the participants' using the community center, 68% of the participants chose the option of meeting with their friends, 52% chose to have new friendships, 48.3% of them chose the option of eliminating their loneliness. The 65-74 age group who use the community center are doing more regular sports than the ones aged 75 and over χ2 = 6.851, p 3.30e-02. Women who use the community center do more regular sports than men χ2 = 11.423; p 1.00e-03. It could be said that the community centers are important alternative public spaces in the city, especially for older people living alone.

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